Noël-Dieudonné Finart (1797-1852)
The Eugen Prince of Beauharnais at Moskow
Dimensions: 73 cm x 60 cm
A splendid painting representing the Eugene Prince in large Brigadier General uniform commanding the Horse Chasseurs of the Imperial Guard Born in Paris on 3 September 1781, Eugène was the son of Viscount Alexandre-François-Marie de Beauharnais, Chief General of the Rhine Army and Josephine Tasher of La Pagerie who later married General Bonaparte (1796). After Italy, he followed Bonaparte as an aide de camp in Egypt where he showed as much intelligence as bravery. He was wounded at Saint-Jean-d'Acre and returned to Paris in 1799. Captain of the Chasseurs de la Garde, squadron commander in Marengo, he was appointed Brigadier General in 1804. After the establishment of the imperial government, he was elevated to the dignity of French Prince on June 14, 1804 and to that of arch-chancellor of the Empire on February 1, 1805. Emperor Napoleon I, who had a paternal affection for him, appointed him vice-king of Italy on June 7, 1805.
At just twenty-four years old, he had to rule a kingdom made up of shreds that had belonged to Austria, Piedmont, the Republic of Venice, the Pope, the Duchy of Modena, etc. He formed an army of 80,000 men who participated in the campaigns of Austria, Spain and Russia. An excellent officer, he directed the operations of Hungary in 1809, replaced the Emperor, then Murat in 1812, during the retreat of Russia and tried to defend his kingdom. Abandoned by his subjects, he took refuge in Munich with King Maximilian of Bavaria, whose daughter he had married. He had been adopted by Napoleon I° on 17 December 1807, created Prince of Venice, hereditary Grand Duke of Frankfurt on 1 March 1810 and hereditary peer of the Empire on 2 June 1815. His father-in-law the King of Bavaria created him Duke of Leuchtenberg and Prince of Eichstadt on November 14, 1817.
Eugene died of a stroke on February 21, 1824, at the age of forty-three. This mini T'ess reg de pr This rare and important composition is to be compared to Henry Scheffer's work kept at the Musée de Versailles. The Prince Viceroy, surrounded by the officers of his General Staff with the smoke of the fighting in the background, is represented in Borodino (La Moskowa), where he was glorified on 7 September 1812 at the head of the 4th Corps of the Grand Army. This painting (oil on canvas), signed and dated at the bottom left "D. FINART 1832", is presented in its sumptuous original wooden and golden paste frame. FINART: Noël-Dieudonné FINART, born in Condé on 27 March 1797, died in Paris in 1852. A painter of history, he exhibited at the Salon since 1817 with "Champ de manoeuvres de Clignancourt". From 1833 onwards, he regularly exhibited at the Salon des scènes militaires. (Ref. Bénézit, etc.)